Investment is like soil which requires care and nutrients to help plants to grow. Sometimes it acts as a soft bed and on other occasions it works as a catalyst. In financial terms, investment means financial input along with other support directly connected with the growth of a company. It is well said “demand and supply determine the economic growth”. This fact exactly explains the flow of investments in innovation industry. An innovation can be described as something new which is majorly useful but did not exist till sometime back. An innovation may happen in any sector or industry viz. IT, FMCG, Education, Automobiles, Communication.
Investment in an industry may depend upon different factors which can be grouped as:
PROSPECT OF GROWTH: The probability of an investment is directly proportional to the profitability of an innovation. An innovation having an early success is always likely to attract huge investments. In the recent past, we have seen that companies that have come up with new and innovative concepts like Amazon, Flipkart, Snapdeal, Uber, OLX, Quikr, Paytm, have attracted huge investments. Investors are always attracted to invest in innovations where short term gains can be seen. Not only that, investments can also be seen in industries such as fashion, IT and Real Estate. The concept of investment remains the same - whosoever invests money, looks for growth. An investor takes a call on the period of investment which in turn determines the expected returns. Largely, one can say ‘Investments In Innovations’ go hand in hand but at the same time the investment are equally made in other running industries. Investments were made in more than 662 start ups in the first nine months of 2015 i.e. till September 2015 which means - 2.42 deals a day.
QUANTUM OF FUNDS: The requirement of fund determines the level of investor willing to enter into an investment. It has been a common practice that an investor makes an investment in different scales depending upon the requirement of the start up. Sometimes a big investor invests in startups with low investment and then takes up further investment to scale its growth. In countries like India, startups have boomed and attracted huge investments. In the first half of 2015, startups gained investments of more than $3.5 billon. As per the number of investors in the total deals are concerned, nearly half of the deals of startup investments were for less than $20,000. A big volume of private equity has been invested in such deals. Apparently, startups looking for smaller funds attract more investors rather than startups aiming for big funds.
LOCATION: The location of a startup plays a pivotal role in attracting investments. This further determines the growth and the relationship between the two. Remotely located startups grow only if they are attached to a particular sector like agriculture, else they struggle hard to seek funds. The growth of startups has apparently been more in metropolitan cities.
RISK: The fear of losing investment is balanced by the allurement to multiply the investments. Investors look out for a balance between the two. Investment is indirectly proportional to risk and directly proportional to allurement. No one invests in projects where risk of losing investment is higher. Therefore, investors prefer to draw a line where risk can be evaluated for them to take decision about investment. The chances of investments being at peril have risen due to the way startups are mushrooming. With such an increase in the number of startups, an optimum level is likely to be reached. Investors have to become more cautious.
ACCESSIBILITY: Startups have boomed in countries like India at places like Indian Silicon Valley i.e. Bengaluru and at the best in big metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai. Investors are equally available in other areas where the startup projects are coming up. In all events, the close interaction between investors and startups is always preferred. The more accessible a startup is to the investor, the more viability of investments and the higher chances of growth.
FASCINATION: An unexpected increase is happening where every entrepreneur is contemplating or has contemplated to get into startup venture. Similarly, every investor is aiming at one or the other startup to multiply the investments. The boom of new ventures with upcoming projects like e-commerce, health, delivering consumer services/goods, has magnificently shown a rosy picture to the investors which seems like a fascination. On the other end the lackadaisical of investment opportunities in real estate, yellow metal and share market has further widened the scope of investments in startups.